NURTURE INFORMATION HUB
Socio-Emotional Development Following Very Preterm Birth: Pathways to Psychopathology
Anita Montagna and Chiara Nosarti
"Very preterm birth (VPT; < 32 weeks of gestation) has been associated with an increased risk to develop cognitive and socio-emotional problems, as well as with increased vulnerability to psychiatric disorder, both with childhood and adult onset. Socio-emotional impairments that have been described in VPT individuals include diminished social competence and self-esteem, emotional dysregulation, shyness and timidity. However, the etiology of socio-emotional problems in VPT samples and their underlying mechanisms are far from understood."
Premature babies that were born less than 32 weeks have an increased risk to develop socio-emotional problems. Adults start gaining emotional skills as babies and gain new skills as they get older. All of us struggle with controlling our emotions when triggered however those that have emotional dysfunction have a more difficult and prolonged time which can lead to disruptions in relationships and daily functioning.
Adults emotional skills include the following:
Emotional dysfunction is the extreme side of not being able to manage emotions and difficulty calming down when upset and might include:
Learning breathing and relaxation techniques can help with self-regulation.
Learning about emotional intelligence, discussing what it means, and learning what it means to be comfortable with your feelings and being able to express yourself is also helpful.
Adults should go to a counsellor or psychologist in severe cases. Medicating is always a concern but, in some cases, medication combined with therapy is more beneficial than therapy alone
“The worst thing you can do to yourself is to sweep your emotions under the carpet. It is dangerous to your health. Don’t deny your emotions, Feel them as it is the beginning of healing to every pain”